Rethinking Teachers’ Pedagogical Frame of References on HOTS Implementation

D.K.I Jakarta, 6 November 2018 – The Centre comprehensively held the Seminar on HOTS-based Implementation in Language Teaching along with enormous enthusiasm.  Almost 1400 applicants have filled-in the online registration form. Unfortunately, we only have 100 seats available respectively for 20 language teachers from Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi.

The teachers are targeted to enhance their knowledge toward 21st-century learning that emphasizes learning and innovation skills, i.e. critical thinking, communication, collaboration and creativity. Indeed, teachers need to be assisted to create a learning environment which encourages students to develop the aforementioned skills. Having this objective, the Centre invited language and education experts as well as experienced teachers to present their good practices in language teaching focusing on three learning models, i.e. discovery learning, project-based learning and text-based learning.

Picture 1 One of the presenters shares her experience in implementing project-based learning

Picture 1 One of the presenters shares her experience in implementing project-based learning

We, the Centre, are grateful to invite Ms Aini Ummu Syukriya (SMA Islam P.B. Soedirman 1 Bekasi), Ms Irmayanti (SMAS Annumaniyah), Ms Shanty Lady Sianipar (Sekolah Menengah Cikal-Amri), Ms Yanti Rostianti (SMAN 1 Leuwiliang) and Mr Yulizar Komarawan (Darul Hikam Integrated School Lembang) to present their valuable experience during plenary session. They explained their different target and strategy based on the three learning models such as using new media in implementing HOTS, critical and multimodal literacy in text-based, discovery and project learning models. Having different background and teaching environment, they shared various context of teaching and learning approach, i.e., a private school with international curriculum, a public school with national curriculum; in which they both implement different strategy in producing text.

Picture 2 Dr Bambang Indriyanto delivers the material on Language Teaching based on HOTS

Picture 2 Dr Bambang Indriyanto delivers the material on Language Teaching based on HOTS

Initially before heading to the plenary session, Dr Bambang Indriyanto, the Centre’s director, explained the topic of HOTS-based language learning with focus on policy context, learning perspective, language learning paradigm and empirical study on tendency. One of his material highlighted the need of literacy competence in achieving the target of 21st century learning. However, many teachers are still going nowhere with the gradation of HOTS implementation. “There are 60% teacher from 68 respondents have not involved their learning process with the Indonesian 2013 curriculum yet”, he added. Hence, he concluded that there are some criteria for teachers who successfully implement HOTS in language learning such as being able to develop students’ intelligence (intellectual, social and personal); being able to explain the target of national curriculum in the context of 21st century learning; being able to develop learning and evaluation process based on the principle of HOTS and so on. Last but not least, he emphasized, “Teacher is supposed not only to have pedagogical but also cultural mission to achieved harmonious life”.

Picture 3 Ms Susi Fauziah assists the participants to develop a lesson plan that applied discovery learning model

Picture 3 Ms Susi Fauziah assists the participants to develop a lesson plan that applied discovery learning model

At the end of the activity, the participants enthusiastically developed a lesson plan based on their chosen learning models during parallel session. This session was guided by resource persons from the Centre who specialize the frameworks of the aforementioned three learning models.

In addition, the seminar also concludes that many teachers may not realise that they somehow have already implemented HOTS in their teaching-learning process. Ms Rokhaniatul Makniah, a participant from MAN 1 Kota Tangerang, admitted that she finally knew what so called HOTS and realised that she already implemented project-based learning once she asked the students to make invitation letter. Meanwhile, Ms Novi Karisma, participant from SMK 1 Cibinong initially did not have any idea about HOTS. She finally understood the concept of HOTS after joining the seminar. She added that she initially had already implemented project- based learning in her classroom activity.

All in all, we believe that such activity which has great interest is a momentum for the Centre and stakeholders who worked in education sector to accommodate teachers in upgrading their learning perspectives on HOTS implementation.

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